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Security risks Security risks

Introduction to security risks

Introduction to safety risks arising from service, inspection and installation activities:


Implementation of installation, maintenance and servicing of motor trucks and platforms, movement in the premises

Risk
Contact with or inhalation of harmful liquids, gases, mists, vapors and dusts. No use of personal protective equipment, unsuitable local lighting. Human misconduct. Impossibility to stop the machine in the most suitable conditions. Incorrect assembly. Fall or movement of machinery or equipment, etc. caused by handling machinery or equipment. Falling from the device. Operating fluid spray. Failure to secure the machine against movement.


Measures
Introduction to instructions, regulations and standards and their compliance. Use of PPE. Concentration on work. Adherence to work procedures with instructions. Restriction of access by unauthorized persons. Use of intact tools and instruments. Professional and medical fitness. Proper braking of the machine. Workplace lighting. Warning and safety signs. Arranging signals for handling and movement of the machine

Use of tools and instruments (hand tools and instruments, mechanical hand tools and instruments, tools with motor drive, electric drive, hydraulic drive, air drive)

Risk
Perforation (cutting, piercing). Contusion. El. current. Failure to comply with instructions, regulations and standards. Burns. Vibration in the workplace. Noise at work. Captured by rotating and moving parts. Cutting or trimming. Winding. Friction and abrasion. Electric shock. Ejection of parts (machinery or processed materials / workpieces) or danger of high-pressure fluid or gases escaping. Thermal radiation or other phenomena such as the departure of molten particles and the chemical effects of short circuits, overloads, etc. Change in tool speed. Falling or ejecting objects or splashing liquids.


Measures
Introduction to instructions, regulations and standards and their compliance. Use of PPE. Revision el. device. Concentration on work. Adherence to work procedures. Restriction of access by unauthorized persons. Check tools and instruments before use. Failure to make additional adjustments to tools and instruments. Professional and medical fitness. Prohibition of the use of gloves on moving machine parts. Wearing tight-fitting work clothes.

Moving loads and material

Risk
Overwhelming or crushing loads and material (whole people and body parts). Perforation by sharp edges moving loads. Damage to the organism by exceeding weight limits.


Measures
Introduction to instructions, regulations and standards and their compliance. Concentration on work. Adherence to weight limits for moving loads and material. Marking of the load capacity with a safety table. Professional special training (crane operator, binder). Use of PPE. Restriction of access by unauthorized persons. Compliance with local operating regulations.

Motor truck (VZV), platforms - operation

Risk
Load falling from forks and hitting a person near the truck due to incorrect storage and arrangement of the handling unit and organizational deficiencies. Overturning the truck (after loss of stability), injuring the driver or other persons. Assignment of a person by a moving wheelchair, resp. forks, to a solid obstacle, to the structure. Moving the wheelchair onto a person, crossing the legs with a moving wheelchair, endangering the person with movement and work activities of the wheelchair. Collision of a truck with another vehicle in road traffic. Pushing the hands or feet on the floor with the load on the forks. Poisoning by the effects of exhaust gases (especially CO) in the exhaust gases of an internal combustion engine truck (enclosed space). Effect of electrolyte emissions (battery charging). Explosion, fire. El. current. Slipping on leaked operating fluids.

Measures
Prohibition of leaving the truck when the load is raised. When testing the equipment - load the pallets evenly so that the loaded material does not exceed the external floor plan dimensions, the loaded material must not interfere with the pick-up openings. The load and its parts stored on the truck (or forks) are secured against falling, sliding or shifting (safe mounting, fixing, etc.). Observe the ban on staying under the load on the forks of the truck. Provide training and examination of truck drivers. The forklift is equipped with a label and a load diagram. Lifting gear, pick-ups, pedals, steps and truck floors must be free of grease, oil, mud, etc. Inspections and checks of the truck and individual components (including LPG). Do not work in an enclosed space with the engine running. Observe the local traffic regulations (priority, roads, speed, etc.). The trucks and their equipment must only be operated and used for the purposes specified by the manufacturer and designed, in accordance with the marked capacity or. tensile force or load diagram requirements. Sufficient view when reversing. Adherence to work procedures for repairs and service. Follow the procedure for recharging the truck and batteries. Immediate interruption of work in the event of an explosive concentration. Workplace ventilation. Rehabilitation of operating fluid leaks. Elimination of the use of open flames and other sources of ignition in the immediate vicinity of flammable substances. Only work on electrically secured devices. Check the condition of the tires before driving. Restriction of access by unauthorized persons.

Flame and electric arc welding, flame cutting

Risk
Penetration of the flame into the hose, or reducing valve. Hose rupture, damage, ignition. Explosion, fire. Low gas mixture output velocity (nozzle clogging). Bottle heating, explosion in case the casing is exposed to stress exceeding the yield strength of the sheet. Fire, burns due to oxygen leakage through leaky and greasy bottle valve, burner valve. Burns, fire due to oxygen leakage by welding and cutting torches. Burns to various parts of the body if the mallet has soiled work clothes. Use of a damaged pressure reducing valve, rupture of the diaphragm and gas leakage. Burners of the welder or. other people with flame burner, fire. Fire by igniting the truck or its parts, fuel. Fire by igniting surrounding material or spilled operating fluids. Burns an unprotected part of the body (hand) by direct contact with a mallet with a heated cut, cut metal material and hot metal surfaces during heat transfer. Unbearable and unfavorable microclimatic conditions, especially in outdoor unprotected areas in summer, indoors, in areas with considerable radiant heat, etc. Damage to health due to radiation or welding fumes.


Measures
Only connect welding equipment that is designed and tested for this bottle. Using the right cutting torches. Deactivate the burner, which shows a repeated flashback. Do not use defective burners. The correct procedure for igniting and extinguishing the burner flame. Professional competence of welders. Valve closing when work is interrupted. Sufficient length of hoses, safe placement of bottles from the heat source. Oxygen cylinder valve tightness. Elimination of grease valve contamination. Tightness of hoses and connections, tightness check of hoses once every 3 months and tests for the highest working overpressure (0.8 - 1.5 MPa for oxygen hoses). Timely replacement of damaged, puffy, excessively cracked hoses. Firm and tight connection of hoses with hose clamps (clips, not wire). Protection of hoses against mechanical damage (punctures, etc.), burns and grease contamination. Do not use hoses shorter than 5 m or have a distance between the couplings shorter than 5 m. Wear proper work clothes and PPE. Do not open the valve with a sharp jerk. Do not use damaged pressure reducing valves (eg even if the pressure gauge protective glass is cracked). Do not defrost pressure reducing valves (frozen pressure reducing valves and gas lines are defrosted with hot water or other suitable heating up to 200 ° C). When extinguishing the burner flame, always make sure that the flame is completely extinguished. Extinguish the flame immediately if the burner attachment overheats, cool it in water and purge it with oxygen. When welding el. arc to secure the conductors. Check the device before use. Welding el. do not perform in wet and humid environments, during storms. Carry out fire work on the basis of a written permit, in accordance with valid regulations (especially Decree No. 87/2000 Coll.). Restriction of access by unauthorized persons The customer for whom the service activities are performed is obliged to provide a fire patrol for the necessary time after the completion of work that could cause a fire.

Pressure vessels (compressor - inflation, cleaning, tests)

Risk
Non-compliance with standards. Failure to respect the failure, defect or unusual condition of the containers. Failure to shut down containers in case of danger. Absence from inspections and revisions, ignorance of the results of inspections and revisions. Failure to maintain order, cleanliness and accessibility in the location of containers. Unauthorized persons in the working area of ​​containers. Container equipment failure. Explosion.


Measures
Determine one or more staff responsible for the operation of the vessels. Ensuring the necessary operation and maintenance of containers. Ensuring new settings, adjustments and testing of safety valves. Observe the safety regulations and instructions of the device during operation, operation, maintenance and repairs. Keeping accurate records of all containers and ensuring accessibility to this documentation. Determining the method of keeping operational records. Follow the orders of the superior. Decommissioning the container if there is a risk of delay. Participation in inspections and revisions. Inspection and testing of container equipment according to the prescribed range. Make operating records according to the operating instructions. Take care of order, cleanliness and accessibility in the space where the container is located. Make sure that no unauthorized persons are present in the work area. Handing over the equipment operator to a superior worker in case of sudden nausea. Calibration of measuring elements. Adherence to maximum permissible pressures. Restriction of access by unauthorized persons.

Work at height, platform inspection

Risk
Employee fall - by raiding the railing. Tools fall from a height - skull injury. Elevated platform overturned. Electric shock current (on wiring or installation).


Measures
Introduction to instructions, regulations and standards and their compliance. Use of PPE. Concentration on work. Adherence to work procedures with instructions. Restriction of access by unauthorized persons. Professional and medical fitness. Proper braking of the machine. Warning and safety signs. Arranging signals for handling and movement of the machine. Respecting the terrain, the state of the road, climatic conditions. Prohibition of collective protection climbing (if it is necessary to use personal harness securing). Securing tools against falling. Protective helmet. Prohibition of work in the protective area of ​​el. knowledge.

Use of chemicals - paints, oils, cleaners, etc.

Risk
Ingestion and chemical poisoning. Fire, explosion. Skin sensitization by chemical agents. Inhalation of vapors. Eye contact. Failure to know the properties of substances. Ecological accident. Measures
Medical fitness. Safety Data Sheet. Training on the properties of substances, acquaintance with the sheet. Compliance with fire regulations. Fire extinguisher. Health and safety training, PO. PPE according to safety data sheets. Remediation aids, emergency preparedness. Restriction of access by unauthorized persons. Non-pouring into food packaging. Labeling of fabric packaging. Workplace cleaning, packaging disposal. Elaboration of rules for dangerous substances - introduction.

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